The Different Varieties of Coffee Beans And Which Ones Do Grounds Use?



Coffee beans are the seeds of the coffee plant, which are native to tropical Africa and parts of Asia. They come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colours, and each type has its own unique flavour profile. There are two main types of coffee beans: Arabica and Robusta. 

Arabica beans are widely considered to be superior in terms of flavour and aroma. They have a sweeter taste than Robusta beans and contain more caffeine. Arabica beans also tend to be more expensive due to their higher quality.


Robusta beans have a harsher taste than Arabica but contain twice as much caffeine. This makes them ideal for espresso-based drinks such as cappuccinos or lattes, where the bitterness can be balanced out with milk or sugar.


In addition to these two main types of coffee beans, there are also several specialty varieties that have become popular in recent years due to their unique flavours and aromas. These include: 

  • Maragogype, which has an intense nutty flavour 
  • Geisha, which has a sweet citrusy taste 
  • Java which has an earthy flavour
  • Bourbon, which has hints of chocolate 
  • Typica, which is mild yet flavorful 
  • Catimor with its fruity notes
  • Caturra with its sweet caramel tones
  • Pacamara with its fruity acidity
  • Maracaturra with its full-bodied complexity 

Each type of coffee bean offers something different in terms of flavour profile, so it’s important to choose the right one for your needs when making your own cup at home or ordering at a cafe or restaurant.

For example, if you prefer a stronger cup, then Robusta would be better suited, whereas if you like something lighter, then Arabica would be more suitable for you. Specialty coffees offer even more choices, but they tend to be more expensive due to their rarity, so it’s important to consider this when deciding what type of bean you want for your brew!


Arabica coffee beans are widely considered to be the highest quality coffee beans in the world, and they are grown in many different countries across the globe. The Arabica bean is a species of Coffea, and it is native to Ethiopia and Yemen. It is thought to be the first coffee bean to be cultivated and now makes up about 60% of the world’s coffee production.


Arabica beans are typically more expensive due to their smaller yields and higher quality.

It is one of two main types of coffee beans, with the other being Robusta. Arabica beans are known for their sweet flavour, low acidity, and high aroma.


Arabica coffee beans can be divided into three main varieties: Typica, Bourbon, and Caturra. Each variety has its own unique characteristics that make it distinct from the others.

Types of Arabica Beans


Typica is one of the oldest varieties of Arabica coffee beans, having been discovered in Ethiopia in 1708. Typica has led to several variations, such as Blue Mountain Coffee and Pacamara. It is grown at high altitudes and needs lots of room to grow as it has tall branches.

It has a mild flavour profile with notes of chocolate, nuts and caramel. It also has a medium body with low acidity levels which makes it ideal for espresso-based drinks such as cappuccinos or lattes.


Bourbon was first discovered on Reunion Island (formerly known as Île Bourbon) off the coast of Madagascar in 1789. French missionaries brought the bean to Yemen, eventually, it made its way to India and then Brazil. This variety has a sweet taste with notes of citrus fruits and honeycomb flavours that make it popular among specialty coffee drinkers. It also has a medium body with moderate acidity levels which makes it suitable for filter coffees such as pour overs or French press coffees.


Caturra is another variety that was first discovered in Brazil by farmers in the 1910s. This variety has a bright taste profile with notes of berries and citrus fruits along with hints of cocoa powder or nutmeg flavours that make it perfect for espresso-based drinks like cappuccinos or lattes as well as filter coffees like pour-overs or French press coffees too!


Each one offers its own unique flavour profile that can be used to create delicious cups of specialty coffee! Overall, Arabica coffee beans offer some truly amazing flavour profiles that can be enjoyed by both novice home baristas as well as experienced professionals alike!

There’s something for everyone when it comes to enjoying this type of bean! Whether you’re looking for something special to enjoy at home or searching for something new to try at your local café – you won’t regret giving any one of these varieties a try! 

Robusta Coffee Beans

Robusta coffee beans are a variety of coffee beans that have become increasingly popular in recent years due to their strong flavour and high caffeine content. Robusta beans are grown mainly in Africa, Indonesia, Vietnam, and India, although they can also be found in other parts of the world.


Robusta coffee beans are known for their intense flavour and aroma. They contain twice as much caffeine as Arabica beans, making them a great choice for those who need an extra boost of energy. Robusta coffee is also known for its earthy notes and full body, making it ideal for espresso-based drinks such as cappuccinos or lattes. Robusta coffee is also usually what is used in instant coffee.


Robusta beans make up more than 40% of coffee beans grown worldwide. Grown in lower elevation, Robusta beans are more resilient, heat tolerant, and disease-resistant than Arabica beans.


Robusta coffees can be used to create different types of brews depending on your preference; espresso blends will usually contain both Arabica and Robusta beans to create a well-balanced cup, while pure Robusta beans will provide more intense flavours suitable for those who like bolder cups of coffee. Dark roast coffees with high caffeine concentrations, like Death Wish coffee, use more Robusta beans.

Liberica Beans

In addition to the two main types of coffee beans, Arabica and Robusta, there is the lesser-known Liberica coffee bean. It is a unique and rare variety of coffee that has been around since the late 1800s. It is known for its distinctive flavour and aroma, which can be described as having a smoky, woody, and earthy taste. The beans are larger than other varieties of coffee beans, with an irregular shape that resembles a peanut or almond.


The Liberica bean is native to western Africa and was first introduced to the Philippines in 1845 by Spanish missionaries. It quickly became popular among Filipinos due to its unique flavour and aroma. In the early 1900s, it was exported to other parts of Asia, such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, and India. Today it is grown in many countries across the world, including Brazil, Costa Rica, Colombia, and Ethiopia.


Liberica beans have a higher caffeine content than most other types of coffee, making them great for those who need an extra boost throughout their day. They also contain higher levels of antioxidants which may help protect against certain diseases such as cancer and heart disease when consumed regularly over time.


The type you choose will depend on your personal taste preferences as well as how you plan to use it; if you’re looking for something to drink black, then pure Robusta may be best, whereas if you’re looking to add milk or cream, then blends may be more suitable due to their milder flavours.


Overall, there is no one ‘right’ way to enjoy your cup of coffee; everyone’s tastes vary, so it’s important to experiment until you find what works best for you! With so many varieties available on the market today – including both Arabica and Robusta – there really is something out there for everyone!

Some fun facts about coffee include:

  • The coffee industry generates almost £80 billion in revenue worldwide.
  • Hawaii is the only state in America that grows coffee and has been producing coffee since before it became a state! The Kona variety of Arabica beans is grown in Hawaii.
  • According to the International Coffee Association, Europe imports more coffee than the USA.
  • Based on a 2016 study, Finland consumes the most coffee in the world. Most Finnish citizens drink 4 cups of coffee daily and supposedly, two 10-minute coffee breaks are allowed at most workplaces in Finland!
  • Coffee beans are actually berries since coffee is grown on a bush-bearing “fruit.”
  • Regularly drinking coffee is believed to have health benefits, such as a reduced risk of illnesses such as cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s.
  • About 2 billion cups of coffee are consumed daily worldwide.


If you’re on the hunt for a premium, locally roasted coffee blend, look no further than Grounds Café. Grounds Café’s signature blend was refined over fifteen years culminating in a luxurious cup of coffee. Pivoting from mainstream coffee shops to eco-friendly, family-owned cafes throughout England’s national parks and forests, Grounds Café has always remained committed to providing an experience to remember. Be sure to check out our online store today!

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